Sco - Scorpius the Scorpion

Legend for constellation star maps, IAU and Sky & Telescope magazine (Roger Sinnott & Rick Fienberg), cc-by

Intro and Visual description

East of Virgo along the ecliptic the constellation Scorpius creeps above the treetops, with his menacing tail below, and stinger above.

Continue eastward along the ecliptic to the next constellation, Sagittarius the Archer.

Scorpius is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

Gaia sent Scorpius to kill Orion; now they circle on opposite sides of the sky. Reddish heart Antares, can rival Mars. Lost its claws to Libra in Roman times, when the vernal equinox was located in Libra. Fish-hook to Polynesians.

 

Star Clusters

M4 (Globular cluster), mag. 6.5.
M6 (Galactic cluster), mag. 5.5.

M7 (Galactic cluster), mag. 3.3.

M80 (Globular cluster), mag. 7.5.

 

 

Constellation Info

Abbr: Sco

Genitive: Scorpii

Size: 33 of 88

RA: 17 hours

Evening culmination (9 pm): July

Midnight Culmination: June

Decl: -25 degrees

Entirely visible from: S of 44° latitude

Partially visible from: between 44° and 82° latitude

Not visible at all from: N of 82° latitude

Regions:

Bordering constellations:

Constellation - Names

Arabic: العقرب

Babylonian: GÍR.TAB

Babylonian translation: Scorpion

Chinese: 天蠍座

English: Scorpion

French: Scorpion

German: Skorpion

Greek: Σκορπιός

Hebrew: עקרב

Italian: Scorpione

Latin: Scorpius

Russian: Скорпион

Spanish: Escorpio, Escorpión