Ari - Aries the Ram

  • Tau - Taurus the Bull

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    17 of 88

    Intro and Visual description

    Taurus the Bull is easily spotted. Its head is the Hyades, a V-shaped cluster of stars. His horns point outward from the V. Aldebaran is the red eye of the Bull as he charges down upon us.

    Taurus is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.
    Biblical references: The Pleiades are mentioned in Job 9:7-9 and Job 38:31-33, and Amos 5:8. Other constellations alluded to in the Bible are Ursa Major and Orion.

    Skylore and Literature

  • Ari - Aries the Ram

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    39 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    A small zodiac constellation with only two easily visible stars.

     

    Skylore and Literature:  A ram with Golden Fleece, which could fly through the air.

    Aries is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

     

  • Cet - Cetus the Sea Monster or Whale

    Size

    4 of 88

    Intro and Visual description

    South of Aries and Pisces, one of the largest constellations. Trace to the second-magnitude star Beta-Ceti (Diphda, near the flukes) by following a line southward from Alpheratz (the corner of Pegasus and Andromeda) through gamma-Pegasi, across Pisces and Cetus.

    Cetus is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

     

    Skylore and Literature:  Killed by Perseus as he was attempting to devour Andromeda. Movies: Clash of the Titans; Internet movie database.

     

    Special Stars

  • Per - Perseus the Hero

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    24 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    Resembles a backward lambda. Located in the Milky Way, between Andromeda/Cassiopeia and Auriga/Taurus. Perseus contains no first-magnitude star, but a pair of beautiful binocular star clusters, known as the Double Cluster. Look for the Perseid meteor shower on August 12.

    Usually depicted carrying the detached head of the demon-woman Medusa, or Gorgon, who grew snakes for hair. Perseus married Andromeda after saving her from Cetus with the aid of Pegasus (see Andromeda).

  • Psc - Pisces the Fishes

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    14 of 88

    Intro and Visual description

    South of Pegasus and Andromeda, near Aquarius. Pisces represents two fish tied together by two cords:

    • The western fish, a pentagon of stars just south of Pegasus, is an asterism known as the circlet.
    • The other fish lies on the opposite side of Pegasus, just under Andromeda.

    The brightest star, alpha-Piscium, is known as El-Rischa or the "knot" because it ties the two cords together with the two fish on the opposite ends. Alpha-Piscium lies nestled up next to Mira, a bright variable star of the constellation Cetus the Whale.

  • Tri - Triangulum the Triangle

    Size

    78 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    Five stars appear in a triangle.

    Represented Sicily to the Romans, and a three-stringed shalish (musical instrument) to the Hebrews.

     

    Origin and History

    Triangulum is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.
    The Oklahoma copy of Bayer (1661) has plate W showing Triangulum bound out of order as plate UU.

     

    Galaxies

    M33, Pinwheel Galaxy (Spiral galaxy), mag. 5.8.

     

     

  • Lilium the Lily

    (same as Musca Borealis the Northern Fly, in Aries)

    Asterism Origin and History

    Lilium honors King Louis XIV of France, and refers to the Fleur-de-Lys.

    Asterism Abbreviation

  • Fleur de Lis

    Same as Lilium, in Aries, Musca Borealis

    Asterism Origin and History

    Lilium honors King Louis XIV of France, and refers to the Fleur-de-Lys.

    Asterism Abbreviation

    Lis