Aqr - Aquarius the Water Carrier

  • Aql - Aquila the Eagle

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    22 of 88

    Intro and Visual description

    Between Cygnus and Sagittarius, with Altair (its brightest star) making the south end of the Summer Triangle (along with Deneb of Cygnus and Vega of Lyra). As the night sky changes, Aquila the Eagle and Cygnus the Swan swing slowly westward across the sky towards the horizon. The Eagle sets tail first, followed closely by the Swan, who dives beak first below the western horizon.

    Skylore and Literature

  • Aqr - Aquarius the Water Carrier

    Size

    10 of 88

    Intro and Visual description

    Water jar pattern. Near Pegasus.

    An ancient Babylonian constellation which contained the September equinox in the fourth millenium B.C. Aquarius is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

    M2 (Globular cluster), mag. 6.4.

    M72 (Globular cluster), mag. 9.3.

    M73 (Galactic cluster), mag. 9.1.

     

     

  • Cap - Capricornus the Sea Goat

    Size

    40 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    Between Sagittarius and Aquarius. Dim stars; look for laughing mouth.

    Pan only partly succeeded in turning himself from a goat into a fish. Ancient autumnal equinox location.

    Capricornus is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

     

    Star Clusters:  M30 (Globular cluster), mag. 7.7.

     

  • Cet - Cetus the Sea Monster or Whale

    Size

    4 of 88

    Intro and Visual description

    South of Aries and Pisces, one of the largest constellations. Trace to the second-magnitude star Beta-Ceti (Diphda, near the flukes) by following a line southward from Alpheratz (the corner of Pegasus and Andromeda) through gamma-Pegasi, across Pisces and Cetus.

    Cetus is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

     

    Skylore and Literature:  Killed by Perseus as he was attempting to devour Andromeda. Movies: Clash of the Titans; Internet movie database.

     

    Special Stars

  • Del - Delphinus the Dolphin

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    69 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    Located between Pegasus and Aquila, look for four stars in a diamond (also called Job’s Coffin).

    Delphinus is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

    Delphinus rescued Arion, a singer, after pirates threw him overboard. After Arion rode the dolphin to shore, the pirates were captured and executed.

  • Equ - Equuleus the Foal

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    87 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    Adjacent to Pegasus toward Aquila, one of the smallest of the 88 constellations.

    Equuleus is included in the ancient star catalog of Ptolemy, but not in those of Eudoxos of Knidos and Aratos of Soli.

    Foal of Pegasus, or seahorse.

  • Peg - Pegasus the Flying Horse

    Size

    7 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    Farther along on the line from the Pointers to Polaris and Cassiopeia is a large, nearly perfect square of four stars. This is the Great Square of Pegasus. Pegasus, the Winged Horse, lies almost directly overhead in autumn. Located east of Andromeda; signals the coming of Fall. Because Pegasus flies so fast, his hind quarters can’t be seen.

    Pegasus is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

     

     

    Skylore and Literature:  See Andromeda and Perseus.

  • Psc - Pisces the Fishes

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    14 of 88

    Intro and Visual description

    South of Pegasus and Andromeda, near Aquarius. Pisces represents two fish tied together by two cords:

    • The western fish, a pentagon of stars just south of Pegasus, is an asterism known as the circlet.
    • The other fish lies on the opposite side of Pegasus, just under Andromeda.

    The brightest star, alpha-Piscium, is known as El-Rischa or the "knot" because it ties the two cords together with the two fish on the opposite ends. Alpha-Piscium lies nestled up next to Mira, a bright variable star of the constellation Cetus the Whale.

  • PsA - Piscis Austrinus the Southern Fish

    Size

    60 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    The Southern Fish is also called Piscis Australis. Unlike Pisces, the zodiac constellation which consists of two fish held together by a string, Piscis Austrinus is a single fish. Piscis Austrinus is a very faint constellation located south of Aquarius, and is often depicted as drinking from Aquarius’ water jar (but why would a fish want to drink water??). Except for the bright star Formalhaut, Piscis Austrinus is rather unremarkable.

  • Scl - Sculptor the Sculptor's Workshop

    Size

    36 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    Located south of the flukes of Cetus the Whale. Trace to it by following a line southward from Alpheratz (the corner of Pegasus and Andromeda) through gamma-Pegasi, across Pisces and Cetus. This line will run through Beta-Ceti (Diphda) just before reaching the faint stars of Sculptor (alpha-Sculptoris is only magnitude 4.3). Look for it from northern latitudes barely visible low in the south during September and October.