Scl - Sculptor the Sculptor's Workshop

  • Aqr - Aquarius the Water Carrier

    Size

    10 of 88

    Intro and Visual description

    Water jar pattern. Near Pegasus.

    An ancient Babylonian constellation which contained the September equinox in the fourth millenium B.C. Aquarius is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

    M2 (Globular cluster), mag. 6.4.

    M72 (Globular cluster), mag. 9.3.

    M73 (Galactic cluster), mag. 9.1.

     

     

  • Cet - Cetus the Sea Monster or Whale

    Size

    4 of 88

    Intro and Visual description

    South of Aries and Pisces, one of the largest constellations. Trace to the second-magnitude star Beta-Ceti (Diphda, near the flukes) by following a line southward from Alpheratz (the corner of Pegasus and Andromeda) through gamma-Pegasi, across Pisces and Cetus.

    Cetus is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

     

    Skylore and Literature:  Killed by Perseus as he was attempting to devour Andromeda. Movies: Clash of the Titans; Internet movie database.

     

    Special Stars

  • For - Fornax the Furnace

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    41 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    A small constellation of faint stars nestled within a bend of the river (Eridanus), low in the south.

    One of 17 constellations created by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in 1756. Created by Lacaille in 1752 as one of 14 constellations named after scientific instruments. He called it Fornax Chemica, the Chemical Furnace. Bode referred to it as Apparatus Chemicus.

     

    Special Stars

    Alpha-Fornacis is only magnitude 3.9. Declination: -29 degrees south.

     

    Galaxies

  • Gru - Grus the Crane

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    45 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    Partially visible low in the south in August and September from 35 degrees north latitude. Grus is one of four birds in the southern skies (cf. Pavo the Peacock, Phoenix, and Tucana the Toucan). It contains many very faint galaxies.

    One of the eleven southern constellations created by Pieter Dirksz Keyser and Frederick de Houtman in 1596. These were published in Plate Aaa of Johann Bayer, Uranographia (1603).

  • Phe - Phoenix the Fire Bird

    IAU Constellation

    Size

    37 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    Phoenix is one of four birds in the southern skies (cf. Pavo the Peacock, Grus the Crane, and Tucana the Toucan). Partially visible during early October low in the south from 35 degrees north latitude.

    The mythical Phoenix would end its life in a burning conflagration, only to rise once more from its ashes and live again.

    One of the eleven southern constellations created by Pieter Dirksz Keyser and Frederick de Houtman in 1596. These were published in Plate Aaa of Johann Bayer, Uranographia (1603).

    Special Stars

  • PsA - Piscis Austrinus the Southern Fish

    Size

    60 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    The Southern Fish is also called Piscis Australis. Unlike Pisces, the zodiac constellation which consists of two fish held together by a string, Piscis Austrinus is a single fish. Piscis Austrinus is a very faint constellation located south of Aquarius, and is often depicted as drinking from Aquarius’ water jar (but why would a fish want to drink water??). Except for the bright star Formalhaut, Piscis Austrinus is rather unremarkable.

  • Scl - Sculptor the Sculptor's Workshop

    Size

    36 of 88

    Regions

    Intro and Visual description

    Located south of the flukes of Cetus the Whale. Trace to it by following a line southward from Alpheratz (the corner of Pegasus and Andromeda) through gamma-Pegasi, across Pisces and Cetus. This line will run through Beta-Ceti (Diphda) just before reaching the faint stars of Sculptor (alpha-Sculptoris is only magnitude 4.3). Look for it from northern latitudes barely visible low in the south during September and October.